According to the Association for Positive Behavior Support, PBS for students with autism involves various components, including:
- Functional Behavioral Assessment (FBA). See Positively Autism’s ABA Tutorial for more information on FBA procedures.
- Clearly and frequently reinforcing/rewarding appropriate behaviors.
- Changing the environment to minimize “triggering events” the precede problem behaviors.
- Making efforts to enhance the individual’s quality of life through increasing community involvement, providing opportunities to make choices, increasing positive relationships with others, etc.
The Association for Positive Behavior Supports offers a variety of PBS fact sheets here: http://www.apbs.org/PBS_Practices.htm
The Texas Autism Resource Guide for Effective Teaching lists Social StoriesTM and teaching communication skills as examples of positive behavior support strategies.
References and Resources
Association for Positive Behavior Support: http://www.apbs.org/new_apbs/autismDesc.aspx
Association for Science in Autism Treatment (ASAT): http://www.asatonline.org/intervention/procedures/positive.htm
Center on Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports: http://www.pbis.org/
Texas Autism Resource Guide for Effective Teaching: http://www.txautism.net/docs/Guide/Interventions/PBS.pdf
Positively Autism's Collection of Social Stories: http://www.positivelyautism.com/free/09social.html
Positively Autism's ABA Tutorial: http://www.positivelyautism.com/aba/
Positively Autism's "Intro to Autism" Tutorial: http://www.positivelyautism.com/autism/