Mastery of self-management skills is essential for independent functioning. Therefore, it is important for individuals, whether they are on the autism spectrum or not, to learn to monitor, reinforce (reward), and maintain their own positive behavior. This type of behavioral intervention is known as self-management.
For more information about self-management, please read the articles and resources found in these issues of Positively Autism:
May 2011: http://positively-autism.blogspot.com/2011/05/positively-autism-may-2011-newsletter.html
June 2011: http://positively-autism.blogspot.com/2011/06/positively-autism-june-2011-newsletter.html
There is a chapter devoted to Self-Management for Students with Autism and Asperger's in the PRT book: